This key law is supposed to raise quality and effectiveness of public administration of the Czech Republic, making the system more stable with civil servants being less politically dependent. Czech politicians do not have time to waste, as the adoption of the Public Administration Reform is a precondition for the Czech Republic to be able to receive essential funds from the European Union. If the European Commission does not receive a plan of further steps together with the draft of the legislative changes by the turn of the year, those funds might not be allocated. This complex Act is of crucial importance due to the fact that its implications will be far reaching, affecting many subjects of our society. Its core essence can be compared to the legal preparation in the run-up to its EU and NATO entry.